Views: 8 Author: golden horizon biologics Publish Time: 2020-02-04 Origin: Golden Horizon Biologics
Among the natural sweeteners are Luo Han Guo, Stevia and Licorice.
1. Stevia is extracted from the leaves of stevia. Stevia is native to South America, especially Paraguay, and has been used by locals as a food sweetener for thousands of years. Stevia sugar has been widely used in Japan since the 1970s and is the first sugar substitute for consumption. The extracted sweet substance is called stevioside, which is a mixture. The structure of the glycoside compound has a sugar-like portion, but it is not sugar. The main component of stevia extract is a compound called rebaudioside A, which is about 300 times sweeter than sucrose. Unlike Japan, the United States only allowed the use of high-purity stevia extract, rebaudioside A, in 2008. The European Union allowed the use of stevia in 2011 and in the EU its additive code is E960.
As a natural sweetener, stevia has not been experimentally proven to have side effects, but the relevant department still stipulates a daily safe intake of 4 mg / kg. That is to say, the maximum daily intake of an adult weighing 50 kg should be controlled below 0.2 grams, which is equivalent to the sweetness of 60 grams of sucrose.
2. Luo Han Guo mainly grows in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in China. Recently, it has also been planted in large quantities in Hunan. It has been eaten for nearly 800 years. It has also been used in Chinese medicine for its effect of cough and phlegm.
Luo Han Guo not only contains antioxidant substances, but also contains about 1% of Mogroside. This is the source of the sweetness of Luo Han Guo. Its sweetness is about 300 times that of sucrose, and it does not generate heat. The extracted mogrosides are mixtures, all of which belong to triterpenoid saponins. Their compound structure has a sugar-like portion, but it is not a sugar.
Luo Han Guo as a sweetener, the price is higher than stevia, plus it has not been recognized by the European Union, so the scope of use is relatively not wide, but Luo Han Guo is very safe, it can be foreseen that Luo Han Guo as a natural sweetener will appear in more and more Food. Lo Han Guo has been grown in large quantities in New Zealand by BioVittoria. Low-calorie colas with Luo Han Guo and stevia as sweeteners are on the market. Lo Han Guo is stable to heat and suitable for home cooking.